Egg Facts

Learn about Eggs At Gemperle Farms

To answer all those questions you have ever had about eggs we have pulled together the most frequently asked questions about Gemperle eggs as well as information we think is important to you. Please contact us with any questions you may have and we will add them to this section of our website.

What is the composition of an egg?

The following graph describes the composition of and egg and the function of each component.



Are egg hens given growth hormones?
No… at Gemperle Farms growth hormones are not fed to egg laying hens. Hens are fed a high quality, nutritionally balanced diet made up of mostly corn, soybean meal, vitamins and minerals. The feed is carefully formulated with the proper nutrients to produce safe, quality eggs.

How often does a hen lay an egg?
About every 25 hours.

How many eggs are produced each year in the US?
500 billion eggs are produced each year by approximately 250 million egg laying hens

Is there a difference in nutrition between brown eggs and white eggs?
No difference in nutrition exists. Brown eggs are produced by red feathered chickens and white eggs by white feathered hens

How much grain does it take to produce a dozen eggs?
It takes about 4 pounds of grain to produce a dozen eggs or about 5oz per egg.

How are omega 3 eggs produced?
Omega-3 enriched eggs are produced by feeding egg-laying hens diets enriched with flax seeds

What is the scientific name for the egg white?
Albumen! In fact it has more than half of an egg’s total protein.

Why does my egg white spread out when I crack it in a pan?
The egg white or albumen gets thinner as the egg ages and the character of the protein changes.  A very fresh egg has an egg white that stands up firmly around the yolk.

What are the different names for egg proteins?
Many processed foods that we eat have egg proteins. Different names for egg proteins include: Globulin, lecithin, lysozyme, ovalbumin, ovovitellin and  albumin.

What kind of foods contain eggs?
Here are just a few of the items: Mayonnaise, breads, cakes, rolls, scones, fish sticks,  and other breaded foods, custard, soups, eggnog, energy bars, ice cream, fresh pasta, protein powders, pudding, quiche, malted beverages, meringue, meatloaf, salad dressings, as well as many prepared sauces. It would be really difficult to cook and bake a diverse range of foods without eggs.

What other products contain eggs?
Vaccines – the measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) contains eggs as well as many of the flu vaccines we get.
Hair and skin products – The egg yolk oil has many triglycerides useful in these products. Egg oil is rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids such as omega-3 fatty acids and omega-6 fatty acids. It closely resembles the lipid profile of human skin so it makes a perfect ingredient for skin care products.

What is the per capita consumption of eggs in the US?
Per capita consumption over time is represented in the chart below.

1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
239.7 249.8 251.7 252.8 255.9 254.7
2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
257.1 255.4 258.1 251.7 248.3 248.4
2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
249.3 250.0 254.2 255.1 260.7